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2013-10-02T13:05:47+02:00

Thomas le Rimeur (Ellen Kushner)

Publié par Folfaerie
Thomas le Rimeur (Ellen Kushner)

Thomas est né d'une très ancienne ballade écossaise, elle-même inspirée de la vie de Thomas Learmounth, un barde ayant vécu à l'époque de Robert the Bruce et Wiliam Wallace et capable de prédire l'avenir (il avait prédit entre autres la mort d'Alexandre III). Mais on ne sait que très peu de choses sur la vie de Thomas. Les meilleures sources se trouvent en littérature. Walter Scott a publié quelques unes des prophéties, Rudyard Kipling a écrit un poème et beaucoup plus près de nous, Ellen Kushner en a fait le héros de son roman.

Or donc, le séduisant Thomas, coureur de jupons et joueur de harpe, s'en vient trouver refuge, un jour, chez un vieux couple de fermiers écossais, Gavin et Meg. Lesquels tentent avec plus ou moins de bonheur de percer les mystères de cet attachant jeune homme, habitué à divertir, pour ne pas dire enchanter, bien des nobles.

La vie s'écoule doucement pour ces personnages jusqu'à ce que Thomas disparaisse un beau matin. C'est que malgré la présence fort attirante de la jolie Elspeth, notre barde succombe au charme ensorceleur de la Reine des Elfes. Et après un baiser fatal, Thomas s'engage à vivre auprès de la Reine, dans son royaume, durant sept années.

C'est un récit à quatre voix qui nous conte l'avant et après-disparition de Thomas. Durant ses 7 années passées au sein du petit peuple, Thomas prend du bon temps, on ne peut le nier, mais il apprend aussi l'humilité et la patience et c'est un homme changé qui revient vers ses amis et la femme qu'il aime. Rongé à jamais par la nostalgie et devant maîtriser son don de prophétie, notre joueur de harpe reprend le fil de sa vie brièvement interrompu. Au lecteur de découvrir sa fin...

Je n'avais pas aimé le précédent roman d'Ellen Kushner, ce pseudo cape et d'épée, plat et ennuyeux. Ici tout est très différent. Soit que l'auteur ait été véritablement guidée et inspirée par les Elfes et l'Ecosse magique, soit que la traductrice Béatrice Vierne (c'est elle qui traduit habituellement Elizabeth Gaskell) ait insufflé son talent au texte.

Peu importe, j'ai réellement savouré ce beau récit, une parenthèse enchantée dans mes lectures actuelles, d'autant plus que ce conte est quasiment introuvable sous une autre forme (mais je me trompe peut-être !). Je recommande, cela va sans dire.

The last rhyme of True Thomas

The King has called for priest and cup,
The King has taken spur and blade
To dub True Thomas a belted knight,
And all for the sake o' the songs he made.

They have sought him high, they have sought him low,
They have sought him over down and lea;
They have found him by the milk-white thorn
That guards the gates o' Faerie.

'Twas bent beneath and blue above,
Their eyes were held that they might not see
The kine that grazed beneath the knowes,
Oh, they were the Queens o' Faerie!

"Now cease your song," the King he said,
"Oh, cease your song and get you dight
To vow your vow and watch your arms,
For I will dub you a belted knight.

"For I will give you a horse o' pride,
Wi' blazon and spur and page and squire;
Wi' keep and tail and seizin and law,
And land to hold at your desire."

True Thomas smiled above his harp,
And turned his face to the naked sky,
Where, blown before the wastrel wind,
The thistle-down she floated by.

"I ha' vowed my vow in another place,
And bitter oath it was on me,
I ha' watched my arms the lee-,
Where five-score fighting men would flee.

"My lance is tipped o' the hammered flame,
My shield is beat o' the moonlight cold;
And I won my spurs in the Middle World,
A thousand fathom beneath the mould.

"And what should I make wi' a horse o' pride,
And what should I make wi' a sword so brown,
But spill the rings o' the Gentle Folk
And flyte my kin in the Fairy Town?

"And what should I make wi' blazon and belt,
Wi' keep and tail and seizin and fee,
And what should I do wi' page and squire
That am a king in my own countrie?

"For I send east and I send west,
And I send far as my will may flee,
By dawn and dusk and the drinking rain,
And syne my Sendings return to me.

"They come wi' news of the groanin' earth,
They come wi' news o' the roarin' sea,
Wi' word of Spirit and Ghost and Flesh,
And man, that's mazed among the three."

The King he bit his nether lip,
And smote his hand upon his knee:
"By the faith o' my soul, True Thomas," he said,
"Ye waste no wit in courtesie!

"As I desire, unto my pride,
Can I make Earls by three and three,
To run before and ride behind
And serve the sons o' my body."

"And what care I for your row-foot earls,
Or all the sons o' your body?
Before they win to the Pride o' Name,
I trow they all ask leave o' me.

"For I make Honour wi' muckle mouth,
As I make Shame wi' mincin' feet,
To sing wi' the priests at the market-cross,
Or run wi' the dogs in the naked street.

"And some they give me the good red gold,
And some they give me the white money,
And some they give me a clout o' meal,
For they be people o' low degree.

"And the song I sing for the counted gold
The same I sing for the white money,
But best I sing for the clout o' meal
That simple people given me."

The King cast down a silver groat,
A silver groat o' Scots money,
"If I come wi' a poor man's dole," he said,
"True Thomas, will ye harp to me?"

"Whenas I harp to the children small,
They press me close on either hand.
And who are you," True Thomas said,
"That you should ride while they must stand?

"Light down, light down from your horse o' pride,
I trow ye talk too loud and hie,
And I will make you a triple word,
And syne, if ye dare, ye shall 'noble me."

He has lighted down from his horse o' pride,
And set his back against the stone.
"Now guard you well," True Thomas said,
"Ere I rax your heart from your breast-bone!"

True Thomas played upon his harp,
The fairy harp that couldna lee,
And the first least word the proud King heard,
It harpit the salt tear out o' his ee.

"Oh, I see the love that I lost long syne,
I touch the hope that I may not see,
And all that I did o' hidden shame,
Like little snakes they hiss at me.

"The sun is lost at noon -- at noon!
The dread o' doom has grippit me.
True Thomas, hide me under your cloak,
God wot, I'm little fit to dee!"

'Twas bent beneath and blue above --
'Twas open field and running flood --
Where, hot on heath and dike and wall,
The high sun warmed the adder's brood.

"Lie down, lie down," True Thomas said.
"The God shall judge when all is done.
But I will bring you a better word
And lift the cloud that I laid on."

True Thomas played upon his harp,
That birled and brattled to his hand,
And the next least word True Thomas made,
It garred the King take horse and brand.

"Oh, I hear the tread o' the fighting men,
I see the sun on splent and spear.
I mark the arrow outen the fern
That flies so low and sings so clear!

"Advance my standards to that war,
And bid my good knights prick and ride;
The gled shall watch as fierce a fight
As e'er was fought on the Border side!"

'Twas bent beneath and blue above,
'Twas nodding grass and naked sky,
Where, ringing up the wastrel wind,
The eyas stooped upon the pie.

True Thomas sighed above his harp,
And turned the song on the midmost string;
And the last least word True Thomas made,
He harpit his dead youth back to the King.

"Now I am prince, and I do well
To love my love withouten fear;
To walk wi' man in fellowship,
And breathe my horse behind the deer.

"My hounds they bay unto the death,
The buck has couched beyond the burn,
My love she waits at her window
To wash my hands when I return.

"For that I live am I content
(Oh! I have seen my true love's eyes)
To stand wi' Adam in Eden-glade,
And run in the woods o' Paradise!"

'Twas naked sky and nodding grass,
'Twas running flood and wastrel wind,
Where, checked against the open pass,
The red deer belled to call the hind.

True Thomas laid his harp away,
And louted low at the saddle-side;
He has taken stirrup and hauden rein,
And set the King on his horse o' pride.

"Sleep ye or wake," True Thomas said,
"That sit so still, that muse so long;
Sleep ye or wake? -- till the latter sleep
I trow ye'll not forget my song.

"I ha' harpit a shadow out o' the sun
To stand before your face and cry;
I ha' armed the earth beneath your heel,
And over your head I ha' dusked the sky.

"I ha' harpit ye up to the throne o' God,
I ha' harpit your midmost soul in three;
I ha' harpit ye down to the Hinges o' Hell,
And -- ye -- would -- make -- a Knight o' me!"

Rudyard Kipling

Thomas le Sincère se reposait sur un talus
Quand le pays des fées lui apparut
Et il y vit une brillante personne
Arriver à cheval près de l'Arbre d'Eildon.

De soie verte était sa jupe éclatante,
De fin velours était sa grande mante,
Et chacun des crins de son cheval blanc
Portait cinquante et neuf clochettes d'argent.

(Chansons traditionnelles)

Thomas le Rimeur (Ellen Kushner)

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commentaires

Karine:) 07/10/2013 02:51

J'en ai un de l'auteur dans la pile.. mais je ne sais plus c'est lequel. Je croise les doigts pour que ce soit celui-là!

Folfaerie 08/10/2013 09:14

Oui, c'est à espérer ! Mais après, les goûts et les couleurs...

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